Vietnam War Protest


Background

  1. Throughout the 1960s and 1970s, many Americans protested the United States' involvement in the Vietnam War because they felt America had no business getting involved in the conflict between North and South Vietnam.
  2. As American casualties rose throughout the Vietnam War, anti-war demonstrations in the U.S. intensified and became more frequent.
  3. Vietnam War protests came in many forms in the United States.
Vietnam_protest.jpg
Students protest the Vietnam War in front of the Pentagon
Source: http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/sharemed/targets/images/pho/t040/T040656A.jpg

Musical Protests

  1. During the Vietnam War, many musicians used their music as an avenue to express their anti-Vietnam War sentiments.
  2. Some of the most famous artists and groups to protest the Vietnam War through their music included Creedence Clearwater Revival, Buffalo Springfield, The Beatles, Bruce Springsteen, and Neil Young.

Teach-Ins

  1. Teach-Ins took place on college campuses throughout the U.S. during the 1960s as antiwar activists met to discuss the Vietnam War.
  2. Many of the people who participated in these sit-ins felt that the Vietnam Conflict was a civil war that should be solved by the Vietnamese people alone. Therefore, antiwar protestors continually questioned why America was involved in the war.
  3. Click the link below to watch the video and listen to Buffalo Sprinfield's "For What It's Worth."
    1. As you listen, consider the following questions: What does this song teach us about the Vietnam war? Is it prowar or antiwar? Explain.
  4. Buffalo Sprinfield "For What it's Worth." http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f5M_Ttstbgs

Draft Resistance

  1. In the second half of the 1960s, many antiwar Americans started resisting the draft.
  2. Most people who resisted were conscientious objectors, meaning they opposed fighting in the war on moral or religious grounds.
  3. One major point of confrontation for people who resisted the draft was that college students could receive a deferment, or an official postponement of theri call to serve.
    1. Meant that those who could not afford to go to college did not have this avenue open to them.
    2. Watch the following video of Creedence Clearwater Revival's "Fortunate Son" and consider the following questions: "What does this song teach us about the Vietnam War and draft? Is it prowar or antiwar? Explain.

Creedence Clearwater Revival - Fortunate Son





Response to Resistance

  1. In several instances, Vietnam War Protests ended in violence.
  2. Kent State Massacre - 1970, 4 students killed, 9 students wounded at Kent State University in Ohio when U.S. Army soldiers fired their weapons into a group of protesting students.
  3. Watch the following video on the Kent State Massacre.
    1. At the beginning of the video a song written by Niel Young, in response to the Kent State Massacre, entitled "Ohio" will be played.
    2. As you watch the video and listen to Neil Young's "Ohio" consider the following questions: What does this song teach us about the Vietnam war and how Americans felt about the war? Is it pro-war or antiwar?