Causes of The Vietnam War

1954: The French lose control of Vietnam

  1. In the 1800s, French established themselves as the colonial power in Vietnam
  2. Vietnam Contiuously resisted French control.
  3. Ho Chi Minh - Communist sympathizer who fought for Vietnamese independence before, after, and during WWII.
    1. He was the head of the Vietminh- The League of Independence for Vietnam, which defeated the French in May of 1954.

Ho Chi Minh

1954: The Dividing of Vietnam

  1. The Geneva Accords - After the French were defeated in Vietnam, an international conference was held in Geneva, Switzerland. Represenatives of Ho Chi Minh, Bao Dai, Cambodia, Laos, France, the United States, the Soviet Union, and Britain arranged a peace settlement in which Vietnam was divided into a North Vietnam and a South Vietnam along the 17th parallel.
    1. Ho Chi Minh became president of the Communist dominated North Vietnam, with its capital in Hanoi.
    2. Ngo Dinh Diem, a former Vietnamese official who had been living in exile in the United States, became president of anti communist South Vietnam, with its capital in Saigon.
    3. The Geneva agreement called for elections to held in 1956 to unify the country, but Ngo Dinh Diem and South Vietnam refused to hold the elections becasue they said that the communist North Vietnam would not hold fair elections.
    4. As a result, Vietnam remained divided.